Impact of a methyl bromide ban on the U.S. vegetable industry by John VanSickle

Cover of: Impact of a methyl bromide ban on the U.S. vegetable industry | John VanSickle

Published by University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural Experiment Station in Gainesville, FL .

Written in English

Read online


  • Florida.


  • Bromomethane -- Florida.,
  • Pesticide residues in food -- Research -- Florida.,
  • Pests -- Integrated control -- Research -- Florida.,
  • Field experiments -- Florida.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 13-14).

Book details

StatementJohn J. VanSickle, Charlene Brewster and Thomas H. Spreen.
SeriesBulletin ;, 333, Bulletin (University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station) ;, 333.
ContributionsBrewster, Charlene., Spreen, Thomas H., University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station.
LC ClassificationsSB952.B75 V36 2000
The Physical Object
Pagination27 p. ;
Number of Pages27
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL6833676M
LC Control Number00328294

Download Impact of a methyl bromide ban on the U.S. vegetable industry

Methyl bromide would have a $1 billion impact on the U.S. winter vegetable industry, with Florida accounting for nearly all of this impact. Lynch () estimated that the impact on strawberries could be as large as a $ million loss in U.S. producer surplus. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) indicated that research and development.

This study evaluates the economic impact of a ban on methyl bromide on the U.S. winter fresh vegetable market for six major crops: tomatoes, green peppers, cucumbers, squash, eggplant, and. By increasing production costs and reducing yields, a ban on methyl bromide decreases Florida’s FOB revenues by fit~.

and increases those of Mexico by increases to U.S. fresh vegetable. elimination of methyl bromide will have significant impacts on U.S.

growers of fruit and vegetables that rely on methyl bromide for soil fumigation purposes. The schedule for eliminating methyl bromide has resulted in a 50% decline in methyl bromide availability and has resulted in significant increases in the price of methyl bromide.

The vegetable. impact Impact of a methyl bromide ban on the U.S. vegetable industry book ban on methyl bromide will have on U.S. growers of fresh vegetables and strawberries. New technologies that reduce yield impacts and control costs will be significant in mitigating these impacts.

LIMITATIONS OF THE ANALYSIS The model used in this analysis included those crops that use methyl bromide in. This study evaluates the economic impact of a ban on methyl bromide on the U.S.

winter fresh vegetable market for six major crops: tomatoes, green peppers, cucumbers, squash, eggplant, and watermelons. Florida is the primary domestic supplier of these products. Methyl Bromide Ban Will Have Huge Impact on Turfgrass Industry.

KEY POINTS. • No single alternative is available for methyl bromide as the government prepares to ban it. • As a fumigant, methyl bromide kills tough perennial weeds, pathogens, insects and nematodes before turfgrass is established.

A mathematical programming model of the North American vegetable market indicates that the elimination of methyl bromide will have significant impacts on U.S.

growers of fruit and vegetables that rely on methyl bromide for soil fumigation purposes. historically been small, the major impact of a methyl bromide ban on the Florida citrus industry is that no viable alternative exists as a post harvest control for fruit fly.

Thus, a ban on methyl bromide is likely to result in the loss of markets in other citrus producing states, namely California, Hawaii, Arizona, and Texas. Methyl Bromide (Bromomethane) Hazard Summary Methyl bromide is used as a fumigant and pesticide.

Exposure may occur during fumigation activities. Methyl bromide is highly toxic. Studies in humans indicate that the lung may be severely injured by the acute (short-term) inhalation of methyl bromide. Use of Methyl Bromide and the Economic Impact of Its Proposed Ban on the Florida Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Industry.

Agricultural Experiment Station, Technical Bulletin No.Food and Resource Economics Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL (November).Cited by: 1.

Methyl bromide is a toxic substance. Because it dissipates rapidly to the atmosphere, it is most dangerous at the fumigation site. Human exposure to high concentrations of methyl bromide can cause central nervous system and respiratory system failures and can harm the lungs, eyes, and skin. Methyl bromide damages the ozone layer.

A cooperative ERS/University of Florida study, assuming a complete ban on production uses of methyl bromide for annual fruit and vegetable crops, estimated that Florida and California initially would each lose about $ million annually in gross shipping point revenues, which represented about percent of estimated revenues from treated commodities in each State.

Despite widespread use of methyl bromide, this fumigant has been found to cause stratospheric ozone layer depletion and to be associated with serious health effects. Methyl bromide has also been associated with effects to soil biodiversity and groundwater contamination [ 2 ]. In response to these findings, Cited by: methyl bromide is still manufactured and used domestically, and the U.S.

government continues requiring certain imported food and plant materials be treated with methyl bromide. At the same time, methyl bromide is manufactured and used in other countries, and some other nations require food from the U.S. be fumigated with methyl Size: 2MB.

Methyl bromide has long been the pre-eminent chemical used for preplant fumigation. But it will be banned completely in and a phase-out period is currently in place. While no alternatives compare to the effectiveness of methyl bromide, their use will become widespread once the methyl bromide phase-out period ends.

Because of methyl bromide’s negative impact on the ozone layer, the Montreal Protocol mandated a global phase-out of methyl bromide as part of its pact to reduce ozone-depleting substances. But because it was the most effective chemical to control soil-borne pathogens and weeds, California farmers long continued its use thanks to what is.

Bromomethane, commonly known as methyl bromide, is an organobromine compound with formula C H 3 colorless, odorless, nonflammable gas is produced both industrially and biologically. It has a tetrahedral shape and it is a recognized ozone-depleting chemical.

It was used extensively as a pesticide until being phased out by most countries in the early al formula: CH₃Br.

Methyl bromide has a boiling point of °F and is nonflammable in air. Methyl bromide formulations contain chloropicrin, an irritant and lacrimator, as a warning agent. Methyl bromide is a broad-spectrum pesticide primarily used for soil fumigation, commodity/quarantine treatment, and structural fumigation.

Methyl bromide. Contents - Previous - Next. The insecticidal value of methyl bromide was first reported by Le Goupil () in France. During the s it was widely adopted for plant quarantine purposes because many plants, vegetables and some fruits were found to be tolerant to concentrations effective against the insects concerned.

Previously funded projects include a University of Florida project that evaluated the economic impact of the methyl bromide ban on the Florida tomato industry. A Michigan State University project addressed the unique challenges of the northern U.S.

growing region by developing a transition plan to help growers, farmers and other stakeholders adapt. $ Methyl bromide use is currently being reduced because of its ability to destroy the ozone layer (5).

Beginning January 1,production and use of methyl bromide will stop in the United States, except for emergency and critical uses (5). For more information regarding the phase out of methyl bromide, visit the U.S. EPA Methyl BromideFile Size: KB.

Carter, CA, Chalfant, JA, Goodhue, RE, Han, FM, DeSantis, M () The methyl bromide ban: economic impacts on the California strawberry industry. Appl Econ Perspect Pol – Chew, V () Comparing treatment means: a : Yin Chen, Chengsong Hu, Douglas Doohan.

Methyl bromide is classified by the EPA as a Category I acute toxin, the most potent class of toxic chemicals. It is a colorless, odorless, and deadly gas, and because it is applied as a gas, it naturally drifts off site into the surrounding community.

The acute effects of methyl bromide exposure include headaches, drowsiness, lethargy, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, blurred. In Octoberthe U.S. Congress amended the Clean Air Act to harmonize the U.S.

phaseout of methyl bromide with that under the Montreal Protocol. The Montreal Protocol schedule for reducing methyl bromide production and importation for the U.S. and other developed countries is 25% in50% in70% in and % in.

Methyl bromide (MBr) is an efficacious soil fumigant that controls a wide range of pests, including weeds, nematodes, and other pathogens. Mixed with chloropicrin, it is widely used for pre-plant fumigation in vegetable and fruit by:   Growers around the country have used the fumigant methyl bromide for years on fruits and vegetables.

It is now being phased out, which. The search for alternative fumigants has been ongoing since the Parties of the Montreal Protocol classified methyl bromide as a Class I controlled substance with an ozone depletion potential (ODP) of and destined it for phase-out.

This paper focuses on the hazards from fumigants proposed as alternatives for pre-plant soil fumigation in tomato by: 4 Tolerances are established at * of 2. CFR for residues of inorganic bromide (calculated as Br) in or on the following processed food which have been fumigated with methyl bromide: parts per million in or on dried eggs and processed herbs and spices.

parts per million in or on parmesan cheese and roquefort cheese. parts per million in or on. The impending loss of methyl bromide has sent growers and researchers scrambling to find safe, effective, economical, and easy-to-use alternatives.

Plant pathologist Carolee Bull (left) and technicians Joel Stryker (center) and Adria Bordas discuss the effectiveness of biological weed and disease control at a research site on grower Rod Koda's.

Since we have systematically reduced the amount of methyl bromide for these uses, and are undertaking research to reduce the amount even further. Oh, and in case you are worried that methyl bromide contaminates the strawberries, methyl bromide breaks down in the soil, and the strawberries that grow much later do not come into contact with it.

Local Effects METHYL BROMIDE (): Irritant: Skin Target Organs METHYL BROMIDE (): Central nervous system Additional Data Stimulants such as epinephrine may induce ventricular fibrillation. Ecological Information. Aquatic Toxicity METHYL BROMIDE ()File Size: 48KB. United States Prevention, Pest i cides EPA R health and environmental fate and effects risk assessments for methyl bromide and has made document, there is a reasonable certainty that no harm will result to the general U.S.

population, infants, children, or other population subgroups, from methyl bromide’s food commodity File Size: 1MB. Use of Methyl Bromide According to industry sources, approximately 64 million pounds of methyl bromide were used in the United States inof which 44 to 49 million pounds were used for soil fumigation, 5 million pounds for post harvest and quarantine treatments, 4 to 9 million pounds for fumigating structures, and 6 million pounds as a.

Methyl bromide poisoning. A review of ten cases. J Occup Med. Jan; 11 (1):1– Herzstein J, Cullen MR. Methyl bromide intoxication in four field-workers during removal of soil fumigation sheets. Am J Ind Med. ; 17 (3)– Honma T, Miyagawa M, Sato M, Hasegawa H. Neurotoxicity and metabolism of methyl bromide in by: 4.

Acuna MC, Diaz V, Tapia R, Cumsille MA (). Assessment of neurotoxic effects of methyl bromide in exposed workers. Revista Medica de Chile, January, (1): 5.

De Haro L, Gastaut JL, Jouglard J, Renacco E (). Central and peripheral neurotoxic effects of chronic methyl bromide intoxication. The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) Feb.

28 announced $ million in available funding to research new, environmentally friendly pesticides and innovative tools and strategies to replace an older treatment, methyl bromide.

Funding is made through NIFA’s Methyl Bromide Transition Program. SinceU.S. production and import of methyl bromide is banned, except for uses that qualify for "quarantine and pre-shipment" purposes and for certain agriculture applications under a.

Methyl bromide, a colourless, nonflammable, highly toxic gas (readily liquefied) belonging to the family of organic halogen compounds. It is used as a fumigant against insects and rodents in food, tobacco, and nursery stock; smaller amounts are used in.

Use in tobacco. Methyl bromide is a highly toxic fumigant used in the tobacco industry to control an insect called "cigarette beetle." It has no warning properties, such as smell, taste or color.

According to a tobacco industry document about the chemical,"When heated to decomposition, [methyl bromide] emits highly toxic fumes of bromides.".

Treatment of imported agricultural products may involve fumigation with substances prohibited for use in the handling of organic agricultural products such as methyl bromide, sulfuryl fluoride, and phosphine (aluminum phosphide or magnesium phosphide).

Imported agricultural products may be treated with ionizing radiation, which is also prohibited.GAO provided information on the phaseout of methyl bromide in the United States, focusing on the: (1) scientific evidence that emissions of methyl bromide are depleting the ozone layer; (2) availability of economical and effective alternatives to the pesticide; (3) effects of banning the pesticide on U.S.

trade in agricultural commodities; and (4) Environmental Protection Agency's .California strawberry industry looks for methyl bromide alternatives For many years, California growers relied on methyl bromide to kill a wide range of soil-borne pests, from fungi to insects to weeds, before planting crops.

marks the last year in which the highly effective soil fumigant will be available.

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